1.)What is Geography?
--Geography, from the Greek words Geo/Gaea, both meaning "Earth" and graphein (WTF?!?!), meaning 'to map', is the study of the earth and its features, inhabitants and phenomenons
2.) History of Geography
--The Greeks, who were the first to explore geography as both art and science achieved this through Cartography, Philosophy, Literature and Mathematics. Anaxagoras was able to demonstrate that the profile of Earth was circular by explaining eclipses. One out of the first estimates of the radius of the earth was made by Erasthemes
--Hipparchus is accredited to the latitude and longitude lines, parallel and meridians were subdivided into 360 degrees celsius w/ each degree subdivided 60 (?) Longitude- he suggested using eclipses to determine the diff. in time.
--Ptolemy constructed atlases, he used a grid system on his maps and adapting a length of 56.5 miles for a degree
--Scholars from the Islamic World like Idrisi, Ibn Batutla and Ibn Khaldon produced detailed maps
--From the 3rd century and onwards, Chinese methods of geographical studies and writing or geographical literature became much more complex than what was found in Europe.
--During the 16th and 17th Century, many new lands were discovered. Explorers such as Christopher Columbus, Marco Polo and James Cook received a desire for both accurate geographic detail and more solid theoretical foundations
--In the 18th and 19th century, Geography became a typical university curriculum in Europe. Geographic Societies were developed as well.
--Over the past 2 centuries, the advancements in technology and computers have led to the development of geonatics (is dat a wurd?) and new practices like geo statistics being incorporated into Geography's Portfolio of tools.
--a geographic dictionary or index used by geographers
Culture of peace
Culture of Peace is a set of values, attitudes, modes of behavior, ways of life that reject violence and prevent conflicts by tackling their root causes to solve through dialogue and negotiation among individuals, groups and negotiations.
Key themes of peace
--Respect for Life
--Oneness of the human family
--Human worth and dignity
Core values of peace
--self worth, self esteem, identity (knowing one's identity, concern for others, courage, endurance)
--moral strength, sensitivity to other's needs, nurturing, kindness
--Mutual respect and trust, co-operation, collaboration, effective communication, common good
--Mutual Respect, Genuine Acceptance, Accommodation, Respect for Personal and Cultural differences, Peaceful Conflict Resolution
Caring and Sharing
--Love, Concern, Generosity
--Inner peace (personal peace), reverence, respect for human life
--Active participation, sense of interconnectedness with others, creative and collectedness, responsibility and cooperation
Credits: Maxinne Sebial (Yes, i know the password)
and ntbk of Cathy Dario!!! (so if there are mistakes, blame her )